Which of the following best describes the term titin? (2023)

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What best describes the term titin?

which of the following best describes the term titin. protein that accounts for elasticity of resting muscle.

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Which of the following best describes the term sarcomere quizlet?

which of the following best describes the term sarcomere? two actin protein strands coiled helically around each other.

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What is titin in muscle contraction?

Upon muscle activation, titin binds calcium at specific sites, thereby increasing its stiffness, and cross-bridge attachment to actin is thought to free up binding sites for titin on actin, thereby reducing titin's free-spring length, thus increasing its stiffness and force upon stretch of active muscle.

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What is the smallest functional unit of a muscle contraction quizlet?

The sarcomere is the contractile unit of a muscle fiber and the smallest functional unit of muscle.

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What type of muscle fibers has the longest endurance?

The two types of skeletal muscle fibers are slow-twitch (type I) and fast-twitch (type II). Slow-twitch muscle fibers support long distance endurance activities like marathon running, while fast-twitch muscle fibers support quick, powerful movements such as sprinting or weightlifting.

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Which of the following describes muscle insertion?

A muscle has two ends that each attach to bone: the muscle's origin and the muscle's insertion. At both of these points, tendons attach the muscle to bone. Muscle insertion refers to a muscle's distal attachment—the end of the muscle furthest away from the torso. For example, the bicep insertion occurs at the elbow.

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What best defines a sarcomere?

Sarcomere definition

The contractile unit of a skeletal muscle fiber. Sarcomeres are divided into bands of filaments made of actin or myosin. During muscle contraction, the filaments slide over each other to cause shortening of the sarcomere.

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What is the best description of a sarcomere?

A sarcomere is the functional unit of striated muscle. This means it is the most basic unit that makes up our skeletal muscle. Skeletal muscle is the muscle type that initiates all of our voluntary movement. Herein lies the sarcomere's main purpose.

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How would you best describe a sarcomere?

A sarcomere is defined as the region of a myofibril contained between two cytoskeletal structures called Z-discs (also called Z-lines), and the striated appearance of skeletal muscle fibers is due to the arrangement of the thick and thin myofilaments within each sarcomere (Figure 10.2. 2).

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What is the role of titin in muscle contraction quizlet?

Titin and nebulin are accessory proteins that ensure the proper alignment of the sarcomere. Titin stabilizes contractile filaments and its elasticity returns stretched muscles to their resting length.

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What is the full word for titin?

Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginyl… isoleucine is the chemical name for the protein of “titin” also known as “connectin.” The largest known protein that consists of 26, 926 amino acids is made up of 189, 819 letters and can take about three hours to pronounce.

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Is titin the longest word?

1. methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylalanyl… isoleucine. You'll notice there's an ellipsis here, and that's because this word, in total, is 189,819 letters long, and it's the chemical name for the largest known protein, titin.

Which of the following best describes the term titin? (2023)
What muscle structural and functional unit runs from Z disc to Z disc quizlet?

The structural and functional unit (smallest contractile unit) of skeletal muscle is thesarcomere,which isbounded by Z lines.

What is the name of the functional unit of A muscle cell?

A sarcomere is the functional unit (contractile unit) of a muscle fiber. As illustrated in Figure 2-5, each sarcomere contains two types of myofilaments: thick filaments, composed primarily of the contractile protein myosin, and thin filaments, composed primarily of the contractile protein actin.

What is the functional contractile unit of the myofibril where muscle tension is produced?

The sarcomere is the fundamental contractile unit of the myofibril. Z lines separate each sarcomere. The A bands, located at the center of each sarcomere, contain the thick filaments, which may overlap with thin filaments. The A band further divides into the H zone, which contains no thin filaments.

Which type of muscle fiber is the most powerful quizlet?

Fast glycolytic fibers contract forcefully and quickly generating the most powerful contraction. These fibers are the largest in diameter, and contain the most myofibrils. Unlike the other muscle fiber types, fast glycolytic fibers fatigue very quickly.

What type of muscle fiber derives its energy primarily from aerobic energy pathways?

We have Type I fibers (slow-twitch) that are for slower, more sustainable activities. These fibers mostly derive energy from aerobic glycolysis and are red in color due to a high density in blood vessels.

Which type of muscle fiber is predominantly used during movements that require high levels of force and power such as a sprint?

Fast-twitch muscle fibers are mainly only used when the body needs to make sudden, more powerful movements.

Which portion of the muscle is known as the muscle insertion?

The moveable end of the muscle that attaches to the bone being pulled is called the muscle's insertion, and the end of the muscle attached to a fixed (stabilized) bone is called the origin. During forearm flexion—bending the elbow—the brachioradialis assists the brachialis. Figure 1.

Which term describes the ability of a muscle cell to shorten with force?

Contractility is the ability of muscle cells to forcefully shorten.

What is a muscle insertion and muscle origin?

A skeletal muscle attaches to bone (or sometimes other muscles or tissues) at two or more places. If the place is a bone that remains immobile for an action, the attachment is called an origin. If the place is on the bone that moves during the action, the attachment is called an insertion.

What is A sarcomere made of?

The sarcomere consists of a bundle of myosin-containing thick filaments flanked and interdigitated with bundles of actin-containing thin filaments (Fig. 1). The striated appearance of muscle results from the alternation of thick-filament-containing (A-Band) and thin-filament-containing (I-band) regions.

What is A sarcomere and its function?

Structure and function of a sarcomere | Physiology of Sport and Exercise ...

What is M line Z line and h zone?

M-line: The line at the center of a sarcomere to which myosin bind. Z-line: Neighboring, parallel lines that define a sarcomere. H-band: the area adjacent to the M-line, where myosin is not superimposed by actin.

What is the H band of A sarcomere quizlet?

H-zone. Region of A-band which contains only myosin filaments. The region at the center of an A band of a sarcomere that is made up of myosin only. The H zone gets shorter (and may disappear) during muscle contraction.

What is A example of sarcomere?

The sarcomere is regarded as the contractile unit of a myofibril since it contains the smallest functional structures and molecules essential for muscle contraction. Two important proteins namely actin and myosin form thin and thick filaments, respectively.

What is the Z line in A sarcomere?

The Z-line defines the lateral boundaries of the sarcomere and anchores thin, titin and nebulin filaments. Because of these anchoring properties, Z-lines are responsible for force transmission, generated by the actin–myosin cross-bridge cycling.

What is the structure of the sarcomere?

The sarcomere consists of a bundle of myosin-containing thick filaments flanked and interdigitated with bundles of actin-containing thin filaments (Fig. 1). The striated appearance of muscle results from the alternation of thick-filament-containing (A-Band) and thin-filament-containing (I-band) regions.

What are the parts of A sarcomere?

Each sarcomere consists of a central A-band (thick filaments) and two halves of the I-band (thin filaments). The I-band from two adjacent sarcomeres meets at the Z-line. The central portion of the A-band is the M-line, which does not contain actin.

Are sarcomeres only in skeletal muscle?

In all three muscle types cytosolic calcium triggers, though the underlying mechanism is different between smooth muscle and skeletal/cardiac. In skeletal and cardiac muscle, actin and myosin filaments are organized into sarcomeres that function as the fundamental unit of contraction.

How do you label A sarcomere?

Parts of the Sarcomere - YouTube

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